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Pre-emptive action – genesis!
US military stealthily advances in the Indian Ocean for consolidating the true ‘American Empire’
The almost closed entity of Indian Ocean might appear as an isolated geographical entity but is witnessing the complex geo-political relations. US, as the prime player, is steadily defining the parameters in the region in its bid to create an unchallenged and unchallengeable ‘American Empire’. The idea, as many political thinkers have commented, is not to position US as ‘primus inter pares’ (first among equals) but as ‘primus soles’; that is, the prime master of the world. The foreign policy of the US since the Cold War has been there not to maintain peace among the major powers but to withhold American military, political and economic superiority over the rest of the world. In this light, strategists have commented that if Atlantic was the ocean of the 19th century and if 20th century belonged to the Pacific, then the Indian Ocean definitely has a control over the destiny of the 21st century. Much like the Makender’s Heartland, control over the Indian Ocean would definitely mean the control over the nearest destiny of mankind. Americans then have not been far behind in either their estimation or in the projections of their future in the region. As early as in 1979 (after the Iranian Revolution), Jimmy Carter had come up with a doctrine modelled on the Monroe Doctrine towards the region. The ‘Carter Doctrine’ had announced to the world that “any interference in the affairs of Persian Gulf would be considered as interference in the internal affairs of US.” The end of the Cold War and Gulf War enabled the US to massively increase its military presence in the Persian Gulf and by its extension into Indian Ocean. Paul Wolfowich went further in ‘Defense Planning Guidance’ of 1992 when he reasoned, “Our strategy must re-focus on preventing and precluding any potential future competitor.” He even suggested that US should maintain a permanent hegemony by “pre-emptive military action”... Sounds familiar?
American actions in the Indian Ocean have thus been on the stated marks. As the second busiest sea-route in the world, this ocean’s control is mandatory for the Americans for a variety of reasons. They have ensured the protection of their vital interests in the Persian Gulf by their presence in Diego Garcia. Also, their active pursuance of ‘Proliferation Security Initiative’ and ‘Container Security Initiative’ has meant they control in totality any ship movement in the high seas. American naval presence in Philippines, South Korea and Japan similarly has meant that they control the future challenge to their hegemony by containing China.
The Indian Ocean rim – with around 35 countries and about a quarter of the global population – has become the cynosure of geo-political planners. The Chinese presence in Gwadar (Pakistan) and Coco (Myanmar) as well as the Indian quest to create a blue water navy are all in that direction. One shouldn’t be surprised if these two countries are the next one’s in line for the pre-emptive strike!
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