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Europeanisation of Balkan nations
The increasing trend of Europeanization has impressed Balkans too
Though the sudden split of Yugoslavia and the US’ battle for democracy have given birth to many independent Balkan states, but it left many uncertainties about their future. Few of them got influenced by the US or West and rest remained in strict and straightforward way, pro-Russia, in the light of darkness and ambiguity. Interestingly, last few decades have witnessed a sluggish shift among these nations towards the European Union (EU).
The vulnerable Balkan region has been annexed, ruled and controlled by many monarchs, communist dictators. Ethnic conflicts, civil war in Yugoslavia have established many island as sovereign states, after 1991. But most of them remained unknown to the world.
With eventual realisation of democracy and growing awareness, human rights, trade, tourism and socio-economic development, Balkan nations started shifting towards European community. As a result, it is recently that the world explored Bulgaria, Romania and Slovenia after they became permanent members of the EU. Tourism is flourishing in Slovenia. It has achieved the highest GDP per capita (touching over €14,800) in Eastern Europe. Croatia, Macedonia who are members of the EU have also experienced tremendous socio-economic reforms and Soviet-dominated Albania, Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro are also not lagging behind to divulge their potentiality through pro-active reform mechanisms.
While low fertility, population shortages kept Europe in deep apprehension; lack of investment, human rights, trade, tourism and most importantly global recognition of national identity have plagued these Balkan nations. Thus, the EU’s enlargement policy, with Balkan’s growing affiliation with the EU, will unanimously give its contribution to global peace and prosperity.
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