With acute power shortage engulfing the whole of India (not sparing even the national capital), the raging debate is clearly on the need to augment India's power generation capacity. That debate, however, misses the astronomical losses in transmission and distribution (T&D). While the technical losses vary from 7-15.5%, estimation for T&D losses has varied from a 'modest' 32.53% (official figures) to a killing 50% (Tata Energy Research Institute estimation). An SBI Capital Markets study for the Delhi Vidyut Board calculated T&D losses to be an astronomical 58%. Orissa was at 57%; and Manipur at 65.18%. The T&D losses were attributed to agricultural consumption (20-25%), and also to industrial units, as well as the politically sensitive constituencies of illegal slum dwellers in urban areas. With the demand for electricity slated to go even higher, the government should now necessarily use an iron hand to bring down the T&D losses to the more acceptable 5-10% by punishing defaulters.