Central Government recently declared that leprosy had been ‘eliminated’ and India has successfully achieved the WHO set standard of leprosy ‘elimination’. As per the official records, the prevalence rate has been brought down to 0.95 per 10,000 people. But then, the government forgets the thin line between ‘eradication’ and ‘elimination’. It is really embarrassing to note that even after government’s jubilant declaration of achieving WHO target; more than 300,000 new cases of leprosy are being reported every year. The use of Multi-Drug Therapy (MDT) has resulted in a sharp decline, but it has failed to completely eradicate the disease. A report of Modified Leprosy Elimination Campaign (MLEC) shows that the prevalence rate had increased to 10.02 per 10,000 because of the detection of hidden cases which was ignored in earlier campaigns. With such damning reports, the government’s declaration seems nothing but a lie. India still has more than 700 colonies of people affected by leprosy and accounts for 60% of world’s leprosy patients. Desired then is not statistical jugglery but comprehensive action against the disease.